Wildlife Learning Objectives

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For successful completion of the wildlife section, contestants should be able to:

  •  Identify the mammal, bird, bird, amphibian and reptile species, insect and other species listed on the “Wildlife Species to Study (PDF)” list using mounted specimens, skins/pelts, pictures, skulls, silhouettes, decoys, wings, feathers, scats, tracks, animal sounds, or other common signs
  •  Identify general food habits , habitats, and habits from teeth and/or skull morphology
  •  Know the preferred habitat types and specific habitat requirements of the above wildlife species and the factors that affect wildlife suitability
  •  Know and understand basic ecological concepts and terminology including the difference between an ecosystem, community and population
  •  Understand wildlife population dynamics and limiting and decimating factors of wildlife management
  •  Be able to identify, describe and explain adaptations of wildlife to their environment
  •  Understand the 3 levels of biodiversity and the implications of loss at each level
  •  Identify common wildlife management practices and methods that are being used to manage and improve wildlife habitat
  •  Understand the role of federal and state Fish and Wildlife Agencies in the management, conservation, protection, and enhancement of fish and wildlife and their habitats.
  •  Be familiar with finding information found within the NYS hunting safety guide and hunter education program
  •  Understand the environmental impact of invasive species, threat to biodiversity, and impact on native wildlife
  •  Understand common land use decisions that affect wildlife population growth, environmental degradation, and habitat reduction
  •  Be familiar with common wildlife diseases from microbes, parasites, toxins, and other biological and physical agents
  •  Understand the terminology and factors that affect threatened and endangered wildlife species.
  • Know examples of NYS species that are extinct, extirpated, endangered, threatened, and special concern
  •  Understand the role of the Endangered Species Act in helping to conserve endangered and threatened species.
  • Know the organizations and agencies responsible for listing and protecting endangered species on global, federal, and state levels