NYS Envirothon Soil and Land Use Outline

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I. 

Soil: What is it?

A. Definition
B. Development

1) parent material
2) processes of development
3) land forms

II.

Characteristics
A. Composition
B. Texture
C. Structure
D. Slope
E. Color
F. Chemistry
G. Horizons/Profile
H. Permeability/Percolation
I. Soil Water and Drainage

III.

Soil Surveys (Know how to use this information)

A. Soil Series

1) what are they
2) how to use them

B. Map Symbols
C. Slope Classes

IV.

Soil Interpretations (Know how to use this information)

A. Agriculture
B. Forestry
C. Development
D. USDA Land Use Classification

1) prime soils

V.

Erosion & Sedimentation

A. Definitions
B. Types of erosion
C. Economic impacts
D. Prevention

1) principles
2) agricultural conservation practices
3) nonagricultural conservation practices

VI.

Hydric Soils

A. Definition
B. Characteristics
C. Uses/Limitations
D. Economic Value