NYS Envirothon Forestry Sample Questions

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1.What are two of the beneficial functions most tree roots provide a tree?

a.Nutrient sublimation and soil stabilization.
b.Water absorption and wildlife habitat.
c.Mechanical support and water absorption.
d.Water absorption and nitrogen fixing in the soil.

2.Greater economic return from multiple timber sales is achieved by _____________?

a.Periodic harvesting of trees which are over a specified diameter but, no more often than 10 years apart.
b.Use of a standard contract with every harvest.
c.Thinning out the largest trees, leaving some large and mostly small trees to grow.
d.Determining the stand structure, composition, age, health then developing a management plan.

3.Identify by species the trees numbered 1 through 7. Each of the lists below contains 5 tree species. Which list contains only tree species you have just identified?

a.Scotch (Scots) pine, Red oak, Basswood, White ash, Acer saccharinum
b.White ash, Larch, Sugar maple, Shagbark hickory, Quercus rubra
c.White pine, Red cedar, Sugar maple, Red oak, Fraxinus americana
d.Sugar maple, White cedar, White ash, Shagbark hickory, Prunus serotina
e.Red maple, Red cedar, White ash, Pitch pine, Quercus rubra

4.Which of the individual trees that you identified would be most valuable in terms of mast production for squirrels?

a.1
b.2
c.3
d.4

5.Measure the tree labeled number 4 for: D.B.H., merchantable saw-log height and, total height. [When you are near the tree, you will notice a line marked on the ground and various distances from the tree are marked along this line. You may use this as needed or not.]
The correct results are:

a.18”, 2.5 logs, 75 feet
b.14”, 24 ft., 80 feet
c.24”, 40 ft., 75 feet
d.18”, 2 logs, 32 feet

6.Observe and consider the condition, structure, and composition of the woodlot before you. Which statement best characterizes the woodlot?

a.Early successional forest, re-colonizing an old field.
b.Young second growth forest with residual overstory from previous harvest
c.Old growth forest in decline with regenerating understory.
d.Mature, fully-stocked overstory with developed hardwood tree understory.

7.If you are to affect some kind of change in structure and / or composition of a forest stand, with the aim of doing the greatest good for a goal, in the least expensive way then one or more environmental conditions must be manipulated. Choose the limiting factor you would most likely target in your plan of activities for a timber stand with sawlog production as a primary goal.

a.Light
b.Nutrients
c.Water
d.Spacing
e.Ownership objectives
f.Market values

8.The insect in the specimen container labeled B is a?

a.Asian long-horned beetle
b.Whitespotted sawyer
c.Spruce beetle
d.Hemlock wooly adelgid

9.Regenerating shade tolerant species is best done through which of the following cutting practice choices?

a.Crown thinning
b.Single tree selection
c.Clearcutting
d.Thinning from below