Forestry Outline

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I. Tree Physiology and Tree and Shrub Identification

A. Identify parts of tree, including tissue of roots, stem, and leaves
B. by leaves, bark, flower or seed for trees listed in “Know Your Trees” without a key
C. by leaves, bark, flower or seed for uncommon trees using a key

II. Forest Ecology

A. Forest Structure
B. Ecological Concepts and terminology

1) Relationship between soil and forest type

2) Levels of succession

C. Factors influencing tree growth and forest development

1) climate, insects, microorganisms, and wildlife

D. Forest Health

1) Identify common insects and diseases

2) Identify invasive species

III. Sustainable Forest Management

A. Silvicultural Techniques (thinning, single tree or group tree selection, shelterwood, clearcutting, seed tree)
B. Silviculture Systems (clear-cutting , seed tree method, evenaged management, unevenaged management, shelterwood and selection)
C. Silviculture treatments (Planting, thinning, harvesting)
D. Forestry tools and equipment

1) Basal Area

2) Diameter

3) Height

E. Factors influencing management decisions (ecological, financial, social)

IV. Uses of Trees and Woods

A. Community Trees- their values, threats to them and challenges growing them
B. Social and Economic Value

1) Products

2) Watershed protection

3) Wildlife