“Agriculture and the Environment: Knowledge and Technology to Feed the World”
There are many articles that estimate the population of the Earth to be approximately 9 billion by the year 2050. One of the primary concerns for the agricultural industry is how will farmers be able to grow enough food to feed this growing population, while also protecting natural resources such as soil, water, air, wildlife, and forestry resources.
Students will learn the concepts of how agriculture and all natural resource areas are interrelated, and how the use of new technologies are key to increase food production.
Key topics will include:
- Understand the importance of moving toward sustainable farming systems to conserve natural resources, mitigate climate change, reduce erosion and protect water quality and quantity, and promote pollination;
- Comprehension of farming practices that build soil organic matter such as composting, crop rotations, cover crops, conservation tillage, and management intensive grazing systems to improve soil health;
- Understand integrated pest management and biological pest control techniques used to prevent insect pest, disease, and weed problems;
- Understand the role of new technology: agricultural biotechnology; precision agriculture; and using UAV (drones, GIS, etc.) to increase farm efficiency for food production.
*Note: The area of the problem statement is an active research farm and the NYS Envirothon Committee was granted permission to use it as a basis for the problem statement. All research projects conducted on the farm, either within the 30 acres that are certified organic or elsewhere on the farm, have to abide by the use of organic nutrients as a condition of any research project. The 5 fields that have been labeled on the map are the fields where the soil tests were taken, and where the resulting soils reports have been included in the Custom Soil Report. Only 5 soil test reports were provided as a representative of the soil quality across the entire farm although every field on the farm has current soil testing done.
Please respect the operation of the research farm and do not contact the farm manager for additional information.
*These are the rules for the National Event being held in North Carolina. The New York Event Oral Presentation will continue to be presented as it has in the past. North Carolina is offering the winning teams two ways of presenting the Oral Presentation this year; Power Point or the current way. North Carolina will provide materials to each team for either way they choose to present their oral presentation. New York is not participating in the Power Point selection.
2019 Current Issue Study Guides